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A by-district election process means voters within a designated City Council electoral district elect one City Council member who must also reside in and be a registered voter of that district.
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It is the regular process of determining the lines of voting districts in accordance with population shifts. In California, public agencies and other organizations must divide the lines of their districts according to the results of the Decennial Census, so that each council district is substantially equal in population. This ensures that each elected official represents about the same number of constituents. All district lines must be reviewed to meet strict requirements for population equality and voting rights protections in accordance with the federal Voting Rights Act and the California Elections Code.
The City of Laguna Hills currently elects City Council members through an at-large election process, which means that each voter has a vote to elect each member of the City Council.
Racially polarized voting exists when voters of different racial or ethnic groups exhibit very different candidate preferences or voting practices in an election.
Many factors may be considered, but population equality is required. Other factors include:
1. Federal Laws
2. California Criteria for Cities (to the extent practicable and in the following order of priority)
3. Other Traditional Redistricting Principles
A community of interest is a “contiguous population that shares common social and economic interests that should be included within a single district for purposes of its effective and fair representation.” They are the overlapping sets of neighborhoods, networks, and groups that share interests, views, cultures, histories, languages, and values and whose boundaries can be identified on a map. The following elements help define communities of interest:
Please contact us if you have any questions or need help understanding the process. You can email us at firstname.lastname@example.org . We encourage the public to reach out to us, we need your input. Input can also be given during the public hearing portion of the City Council meetings.